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HomeDISEASES & CONDITIONSEczema - Causes And Treatment

Eczema – Causes And Treatment

Atopic dermatitis is also known as Eczema. It is characterised by a red, itchy, scaly rash, which can sometimes be oozing. It can be found on the arms, legs, cheeks and forehead. Sometimes, the skin may feel leathery and crack or blister. Eczema can cause skin thickening, red spots and even slight color changes.

1. Skin Conditions

It refers to skin inflammation. Atopic is an allergic or genetic tendency. Although eczema can be common in infants, it is usually outgrown. If the condition persists past the child’s second birthday, it could become chronic or recur. Eczema typically disappears after that point. Winter can be a time when the house is dry and summer when the temperatures may rise to extremes.

2. Treatment

Although they are easily treated, rashes can return. Avoiding exposure to heat, soaps that are strong, and bubble baths can help prevent eczema. Moisturizers can be an effective weapon in preventing flare-ups of eczema that are difficult to identify or avoid. Atopic dermatitis may be accompanied by dry skin. Individuals with this skin type should take a bath every day with lukewarm, moisturizing water. This locks in moisture to the skin and reduces the risk of developing eczema. A bath can be followed by topical medication. The second layer is moisturizers and lubricants. This dual-pronged approach will ensure that your skin is healthy and well-hydrated.

3. Ointments and Creams

Greasy ointments can be one of many moisturizers on the market. Although Vaseline and Aquaphor are the most popular options, consumers can also look at other brands to find the best one for them. Topical steroids, Protopic, and other non-steroidal remedies may be necessary for severe eczema breakouts. Hydrocortisone creams can be used for mild to moderate facial eczema. You will be asked for a prescription by a pharmacy for Dermatop, 0.1% Triamcinolone and Cutivate as well as Elocon or other stronger topicals. Children should not use stronger products as they can have side effects.

4. Medications

For children suffering from eczema, Elidel, Protopic and other non-steroidal medication, also known as immunodulators, is preferred. These gentler topicals can be used twice daily and on the skin and other sensitive areas. Steroid-free medication takes longer to produce results than topical steroids. Antihistamines are often recommended by doctors as part of treatment for eczema. When itching and sleep disruption is an issue, Benadryl, Atarax and other antihistamines have a sedative effect. Cold compresses, wet dressings and ultraviolet light therapy are all options that may be helpful.

5. Other Factors

Some people may discover that the condition is a common one in their family. Eczema can easily be triggered by allergies, stress, or any other environmental factors. These individuals are more likely to experience eczema if they have allergic rhinitis, asthma, or other related disorders. This is when it is important to identify the allergen and source of allergy first. These could be shrimp, other seafood, nuts, milk, eggs, and other food items. Other airborne agents, such as pollen and dust mites, can also trigger eczema. Eczema can also result from irritation to certain substances, such as detergents, products that contain chlorine, earrings or jewelry containing silver and nickel, woolen fabrics and synthetic materials, formaldehyde, and similar chemicals.

6. Some Treatment Tips

It is possible to get rid of your eczema without having to continue treatment. Most people will find that the condition improves with age. If infections develop and make it difficult to treat the symptoms, antibiotics might be necessary. If the treatment does not work, a dermatologist, allergologist, or another specialist should be consulted. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if the patient develops pus-filled blisters or fluids. This is a rare complication that can be caused by the herpes simplex virus.



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