Dry skin (or xerosis) is a skin condition that has a firm texture and dry skin. This is most noticeable in winter when people turn to indoor heaters because of the low humidity and cold temperatures. Pink spots appear on the skin, arms and legs as a sign of dry skin. If left untreated, these tiny spots can become painful and flake off. Dry spots are common on the shin, abdomen and sides. Without the proper treatment, eczema or other forms of dermatitis can also develop. This condition could also be genetically transmitted. Dry skin is a common result of aging skin.
1. Moisturize Regularly
A moisturizing cleanser can help relieve irritation and dryness. It is also recommended to use oil-based creams and lotions frequently, especially before bed. Experts recommend taking shorter showers and baths, lasting between 5-10 minutes, to maintain skin hydration. Hot water baths and showers are more beneficial than those that use hot water. Lukewarm water is also recommended. Mild soaps, as well as moisturizing lotions, are preferred for the skin. High levels of water intake and fruit consumption will help with hydration.
2. Skin disorders
A sign of dermatitis can be scaled or flaked skin. Seborrheic dermatits is one type. This is characterised by itchy, red rashes on different body parts, especially areas with lots of oil glands. The scaly rash is usually found on the eyebrows, scalp and nose. Another type of allergic contact dermatitis is caused by an immune reaction to skin contact with poison ivy and similar substances. If it is a common condition in the family, people may also experience eczema or atopic dermatologitis. A fungal infection that affects the soles of the feet, called athlete’s foot.
3. Cleanse your Skin
Knowing your skin type is a key aspect of basic skin care. This will help you choose the right products and approach to use. There will be a type of skin for each person: oily, dry, combination, sensitive, or oily. Cleansing is an essential part of any skin care routine. People should choose a cleanser that suits their skin type, as skin types are different. Experts discourage soap from being used to clean the face. Some recommend soap for cleaning the skin from the neck down to the feet. Cleansers consist of oil, water, and surfactants. These ingredients combine to dissolve dirt and oil, remove makeup, and clean the skin. To avoid drying out the skin or clogging pores, it is important to only use the right mix.
Experts recommend that you wash your face at night with only lukewarm water. It is important to use a moisturizer prior to bed. Warm water is recommended for washing your skin. This will unclog pores and remove dirt. Cool water can be used to rinse off a cleanser. This will close or tighten the pores. Experts recommend exfoliating to prevent or treat dry skin. Katie Rodan, a Stanford University clinical assistant recommends that people exfoliate at least once a day. This will increase natural replenishment of your skin, which is the removal of old skin cells to make way for new skin cells. It also improves moisture retention, giving you a younger looking skin. People with sensitive or dry skin should exfoliate at least twice a week. This frequency should be increased during summer and hot months when sweat causes dead skin cells to stick together and slows their removal. Hydroxies can be used to deep exfoliate sun-damaged skin. Toners are not necessary, since the removal of oil, dirt, and makeup can be done with a cleanser.
5. Sun Damage
Sunscreens and moisturizers are important parts of any skin care regimen. Experts recommend using separate moisturizers for day and night. The product should provide UV protection. Sunscreens should never be used at night with moisturizers, as this can worsen dry skin. Good sunscreens should contain zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or avobenzene active ingredients. To prevent dry skin, you can also use these tips at home:
Individuals with very dry hands can use petroleum jelly to apply cotton gloves before going to bed.
If nails are dry or brittle, you can use lotions to treat them.
You can avoid dry, itchy skin by using oatmeal baths.